Countries that are situated far from the polar latitudes are paying increasing attention to the unique economic potential of the Arctic, the ramifications of global climate change in the region, the need to use eco-friendly technologies, and improvements to the social conditions of people living in the North. These new opportunities and challenges create prospects for intensifying international cooperation in the Arctic. Improving the quality and accessibility of educational and medical services in the region, preserving the traditional economic activity and cultural heritage of the indigenous population, environmental monitoring and adapting to warming around the world, the responsible use of resources, ensuring stable and safe international maritime traffic, and creating tourism opportunities are just a few of the potential areas for cooperation between Russia and Asian states. What opportunities do Asian countries see in the Arctic? How can they contribute to the sustainable development of the region? How can we effectively organize international cooperation?